Kaleidoscopic Permutations

February 22, 2012

Code is permitted to express certain forms of power (to dictate certain outcomes) through the channels, structures, networks, and institutions of societies and permissiveness of those on whom it seeks to work, in the same way that an individual does not hold and wield power but is afforded it by other people, communal norms and social structures.”
(Kitchin & Dodge, code/space, 2011)

“Man makes his own history, but he does not make it out of whole cloth; he does not make it out of conditions chosen by himself, but out of such as he finds close at hand.”
(Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, 1852)

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